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Lords and Liberty

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“Meditation, Motivation and More”

While it will require some minor adjustments to set up even short meditation sessions in your current schedule, I believe that you will soon experience benefits that will show the effort is worthwhile.

One major improvement will be when you see how meditation can help you to better control and influence your internal conversation.

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Thank God I … – Stories of Inspiration for Every Situation

What does it takes to live “happily ever after” ? Ask a hundred different people and you will get hundred different answers.

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The Alchemy of Awareness The Transmutation of Ignorance Into Wisdom

The alchemy of awareness described in this book is a naturally occurring process. Individuals can and do move from one level of awareness to another without any idea that various levels of awareness exist or of the dynamics involved in making a transition from one level to the next. But, in light of our present world situation, it seems imprudent to leave the important business of expanding our collective awareness up to chance. Moreover, there is substantial evidence that, left to their own devices, few people ever reach the level of awareness required to deal with our pressing local and/or global challenges.

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The Interpretation of Dreams

The conception of the dream that was held in prehistoric ages by primitive peoples, and the influence which it may have exerted on the formation of their conceptions of the universe, and of the soul, is a theme of such great interest that it is only with reluctance that I refrain from dealing with it in these pages. I will refer the reader to the well-known works of Sir John Lubbock (Lord Avebury), Herbert Spencer, E. B. Tylor and other writers; I will only add that we shall not realise the importance of these problems and speculations until we have completed the task of dream interpretation that lies before us.

A reminiscence of the concept of the dream that was held in primitive times seems to underlie the evaluation of the dream which was current among the peoples of classical antiquity.1 They took it for granted that dreams were related to the world of the supernatural beings in whom they believed, and that they brought inspirations from the gods and demons. Moreover, it appeared to them that dreams must serve a special purpose in respect of the dreamer; that, as a rule, they predicted the future. The extraordinary variations in the content of dreams, and in the impressions which they produced on the dreamer, made it, of course, very difficult to formulate a coherent conception of them, and necessitated manifold differentiations and group-formations, according to their value and reliability.

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The Nature of Personality Trait

Everyday conceptions of personality traits make two key assumptions. First, traits are stable over time. Most people would accept that an individual’s behaviour naturally varies somewhat from occasion to occasion, but would main- tain also that there is a core of consistency which defines the individual’s ‘true nature’: the unchangeable spots of the leopard. In other words, there are differ- ences between individuals that are apparent across a variety of situations. We might expect a student we have noted as a ‘worrier’ to be particularly disturbed and worried in several different contexts such as examinations, social occasions and group discussions. Stability distinguishes traits from more transient prop- erties of the person, such as temporary mood states. Second, it is generally believed that traits directly influence behaviour. If a person spontaneously breaks into cheerful song, we might ‘explain’ the behaviour by saying that he or she has a happy disposition. Such lay explanations are, of course, on shaky ground because of their circularity.

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Introduction to Psychology

Psychology is the scientific study of mind and behavior. The word “psychology” comes from the Greek words “psyche,” meaning life, and “logos,” meaning explanation. Psychology is a popular major for students, a popular topic in the public media, and a part of our everyday lives. Television shows such as Dr. Phil feature psychologists who provide personal advice to those with personal or family difficulties. Crime dramas such as CSI, Lie to Me, and others feature the work of forensic psychologists who use psychological principles to help solve crimes. And many people have direct knowledge about psychology because they have visited psychologists, for instance, school counselors, family therapists, and religious, marriage, or bereavement counselors.

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Psychology of Space Exploration

Astronauts live and work in highly unusual and challenging environments where they must withstand multiple stressors. Their abilities to maintain positive psycholog- ical outlooks and good interpersonal relations are crucial for personal well-being and mission success. From the inception of the space program, psychologists, psychiatrists, human factors experts, and other professionals have warned that the psychological stressors of space should be treated as a risk factor and that the risk would increase as missions involved larger, more diversified crews undertaking increasingly long flights. Thus, they called for research leading to the development and application of effective countermeasures. Although psychology played a significant role at the inception of the space program, for many years thereafter certain areas of psychology all but disappeared from NASA. Interest in psychosocial adaptation was rekindled in the mid-1990s when astronauts joined cosmonauts on the Russian space station Mir. NASA’s recognition of the field of behavioral health and its links to performance opened the door to many kinds of research that were formerly overlooked.

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Psychology Student Survival Guide

In putting the Psychology Student Survival Guide together, I’ve kept one main thought in mind; namely, if I was to go through my psychology education again – beginning when I first started considering studying the topic, right through to graduation and beyond – what information and resources would I most like to have at my disposal?

The primary aim of the Psychology Student Survival Guide, therefore, is to provide an easy to use online reference tool that people can use to quickly locate the information they require.

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The Varieties of Religious Experience A Study in Human Nature

IT IS WITH no small amount of trepidation that I take my place be- hind this desk, and face this learned audience. To us Americans, the experience of receiving instruction from the living voice, as well as from the books, of European scholars, is very familiar. At my own University of Harvard, not a winter passes without its harvest, large or small, of lectures from Scottish, English, French, or German rep- resentatives of the science or literature of their respective countries whom we have either induced to cross the ocean to address us, or captured on the wing as they were visiting our land. It seems the natural thing for us to listen whilst the Europeans talk. The con- trary habit, of talking whilst the Europeans listen, we have not yet acquired; and in him who first makes the adventure it begets a cer- tain sense of apology being due for so presumptuous an act. Par- ticularly must this be the case on a soil as sacred to the American imagination as that of Edinburgh. The glories of the philosophic chair of this university were deeply impressed on my imagination in boyhood.

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The Seven Shades of Darkness

While it may be very tempting to succumb to the argument that evil insidiously manifests itself most commonly in deceptively well-functioning but subtly pathological personalities—or in blatant caricatures of evil like Ted Bundy, Jim Jones, Charles Manson, or Richard Allen Davis—we would do well to remember that evil remains an ever-present, archetypal potentiality in each of us.

To naively or narcissistically think otherwise is tantamount to denying the personal capacity for evil— the permanent presence of the “shadow” or the “demonic”—forever dwelling in the fathomless depths of each and every fallible human being. Such denial is evil of the most insipid, prosaic, and dangerous kind.i

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Why Humans Like to Cry

In the summer of 2008, Gana the gorilla gave birth to a male baby in Münster zoo, which three months later died of unknown causes.
Images of Gana holding on to the dead infant for several days were widely reported in the newspapers and on the Internet.
Someone from the zoo said that such behaviour was not uncommon in gorillas, and it was
interpreted by another as mourning. This may well have been correct, but what was more interesting was that yet another spokesman implied that the whole of Germany was mourning for her.
It was reported in the newspapers that many visitors to the zoo, who came to see Gana and the dead child, were moved to tears—but Gana shed none.

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